Print Issues

Volume 70, Issue 2


Arbitration About Arbitration

by  David Horton

The U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) has nearly eliminated consumer and employment class actions, sparking vigorous debate. But another important development in federal arbitration law has flown largely under the radar. Traditionally, judges granted motions to compel arbitration only after confirming that the parties had formed a valid agreement to…


Who Are ‘Officers of the United States’?

by  Jennifer L. Mascott

For decades courts have believed that only officials with “significant authority” are “Officers of the United States” subject to the Constitution’s Article II Appointments Clause requirements. But this standard has proved difficult to apply to major categories of officials. This Article examines whether “significant authority” is even the proper standard, at least as that standard…


Reclaiming Fiduciary Law for the City

by  Max Schanzenbach & Nadav Shoked

Modern law sets “public” local government law apart from “private” business entities law. Although intuitive, this distinction ignores legal history and, even more troublingly, the contemporary practices of local governments. Due to distressed finances and a political atmosphere favoring privatization, present-day cities routinely engage in sophisticated market transactions typical of private business entities. Current law…


Interrogated with Intellectual Disabilities

The Risks of False Confession
by  Samson J. Schatz

False confessions happen. At least 245 people have been exonerated from convictions in cases featuring confessions that were simply not true. Confessions offer a narrative that allows law enforcement, and society in general, to neatly resolve cases with apparent clarity and closure. And yet the pressures officers place on suspects to provide that closure weigh…


Demystifying Hash Searches

by  Dennis Martin

A hash search is a very accurate, computationally efficient technique for testing whether a computer contains illicit material. Although police have been running hash searches for many years, case law is scarce regarding whether and to what extent the Fourth Amendment permits their use. Some commentators have argued that because hash searches reveal information concerning…